ASSITANCE TO DROUGHT AFFECTED VICTIMS
Appeal No. CEDSOM01-2006
Mogadishu, January 25, 2006
from Center For Education and Development (CED),
would like to share with you the following information
regarding the deadly drought that hits Southern
Regions of Somalia.
is located in the Horn of Africa with a land
area of about 63.8 million hectares. The topography
consists of mainly plateaus, which slope to
the Indian Ocean in the east and to the Gulf
of Aden in the north. Estimating the current
population of Somalia with any degree of assurance
is difficult, however UNDOS estimate in 1997
says the population is 6.38 million. Normal
definitions of the population suggest 24% urban,
17% rural settled and 59% nomadic. Somalia had
two rivers, Shabelle and Jubba, both with highly
irregular water flows; provide most of Somalia's
usable surface water. Somalia is heavily dependent
on livestock and agricultural sector for its
socio-economic development compared to the other
sectors of the economy.
Somali people have undergone a prolonged traumatic
period of civil conflict and other disasters
such as famine, flooding and periodic breakout
of pests. Over the past decade, close to a million
Somalis fled from the war into the neighbouring
countries as refuges and much more than that
figure lives as internally displaced people
(IDPs) in urban and rural areas of Somalia.
For the last fifteen years, civil war, droughts,
pests, famine, floods, Tsunami and other disasters
have created a lot of uncertainties in the livelihoods
of the Somali people.
to the Food Security Analysis Unit for Somalia
(FSAU), implemented by FAO and funded by European
Commission an estimated 1.7 million people in
North, Central and Southern Regions of Somalia
are currently facing conditions of Acute Food
and Livelihood Crises or Humanitarian Emergency
at least until June 2006. This includes some
340,000 children under the age of five, who
are at great risk. The crises is particularly
serious in Southern Regions of Somalia, were
an estimated 1.4 million people are in urgent
need of Humanitarian assistance. The figure
does not include up to 400,000 internally displaced
previously identified by the aid community in
need of assistance and protection.
cereal harvest has been far below normal for
two consecutive seasons. Agricultural production
over the past years has been very poor. Southern
Somalia - traditionally the breadbasket for
the whole country - is experiencing the worst
food security conditions in over a decade. The
cereal production is less than 25% of the post
war average. Sorghum prices increased 50% in
the last month-the highest levels in years.
An estimated 20-30% of cattle in the worst affected
southern regions of Somalia have died due to
the lack of water and pasture.
are reports that the nutritional situation is
deteriorating steadily. Malnutrition rates in
critical areas are already estimated at 25 %(
with rates above 15% considered emergency conditions).
There is a moderate risk of famine conditions
in the coming months for the areas of southern
Somalia. ''The drought compounds what was already
a dire humanitarian situation, and is affecting
communities in areas beset by years of high
malnutrition and morbidity rates, chronic food
insecurity, clan fighting and suffering from
consecutive bad harvests. ''Comments the Humanitarian
Coordinator for Somalia, Mr. Maxwell Gaylard.
Somalia is normally one of the poorest and most
food insecure countries in the world, current
conditions are dire and way beyond the typically
resilient Somalia people's capacity to cope
with stress'', says Nicholas Haan, FAO Chief
Technical Advisor of FSU.
drought has destroyed the livelihoods of up
to 1.7 million Somalis who are currently in
need of some form of humanitarian assistance.
As a result, The Federal Government of Somalia
established a Ministerial disaster Committee
in mid January 2006-to handle drought and liaise
closely with the humanitarian community on the
drought. Besides, the Aid Agencies are appealing
for humanitarian operations in Somalia.
for Education and Development (CED) is a non-profit,
non-governmental local organization operating
in Somalia (Horn of Africa). CED works with
poor local communities through sustainable community
development and humanitarian programs to overcome
ignorance, diseases, hunger, poverty, injustice,
the sector of emergency aid/humanitarian assistance,
CED immediately responses emergency cases and
provides reliable support in emergency situations
to reduce the problems that have affected the
Somali people due to the man-made and natural
disasters for the last 15 years.
present CED is implementing the following programs
in South and Central Somalia.
1. Integrated Tsunami Rehabilitation project
(fishery, wells, education) funded by Novib
2. Emergency Aid Project (Relief food) funded
by CARE International USA
3. Distribution of Text Books to Somali Higher
Education Institutions - the book distribution
project is funded by Books For Africa, USA
4. Prevention of Female Genital Mutilation Project
funded by RAINBO, UK.
In view of the crises, CED sees there is a need
of immediate interventions so as to prevent
a large-scale disaster. A full range of response
options must be considered including food aid,
cash assistance, water relief, health assistance,
seed distribution, rehabilitation of the silted
canals, digging water wells etc.
a humanitarian organization CED sees obligatory
to share the situation underground with International
Humanitarian Organisations. Therefore, we would
like to know if you could provide humanitarian
assistance to the drought affected victims through
CED to prevent a large scale disaster and support,
the most affected families who faces dire humanitarian
emergency and whose lives are in danger without
external assistance on humanitarian grounds.
need your assistance and should be grateful
to have your feedback on supporting the drought-affected
victims in South Somalia.
you for taking an interest in our humanitarian
work with people affected by drought.
further information, please do not hesitate
to contact CED Office by the following emails:
email@example.com or firstname.lastname@example.org
CED Executive Director